BiPAP and Covid

Covid-19 commonly known as the Coronavirus disease is a disease caused by the recently discovered coronavirus and is highly infectious.  

Some people are getting mild symptoms and recovering while others are hit quite hard and need specialized treatment to recover. Since the onset of the pandemic, more BiPAP machines are being manufactured for covid19 and it helps in managing the virus’ symptoms.

How BiPAP Machines are Helping Patients with Covid19

For those patients whose covid19 situations are severe, they develop respiratory issues which need advanced intervention rapidly. At first, early intubation and invasive ventilation which includes tracheostomy and the use of endotracheal tubes was used.

Doctors considered it preferable to Non-invasive Ventilation {NIV} but based on upcoming evidence, NIV has shown to work quite positively. This treatment includes Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) and Bi-Level Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP).

CPAP is considered for patients with mild respiratory symptoms and for those with severe symptoms are advised to use BiPAP. It is suggested that the use of NIV in the early stages of the disease, may prevent one from needing invasive ventilation and NIV can be administered in the hospital and at home.

Bipap is useful in treating hypercapnic respiratory failure because it supports different inhalation and exhalation airway pressure settings. This way, it increases tidal volume and ventilations per minute.

On the other hand, CPAP is used in managing AHRF {Acute hypercapnic respiratory failure} because of its ability to recruit collapsed alveoli enhancing ventilation which will eventually increase oxygen in the bloodstream.

People suffering from covid19, pneumonia and ARDS experience high levels of hypoxemia and their lung functionality is quite low. For covid19, it is believed the patient will respond positively to CPAP therapy but not for those with severe symptoms.

This is where the BiPAP machine is considered. Most covid19 patients with extreme symptoms are obese and are open to risks like hypercapnia, including obstructive sleep apnea and obesity hypoventilation syndrome and BiPAP for Covid is the better option for them.

Coronavirus has created a scarcity in mechanical ventilators all over the globe including the USA because of the number of people being infected. Necessity forced specialists to look at BiPAP machine for covid as a solution.

Hospital BiPAP and Covid

As many patients cannot recuperate at home, Hospital BiPAP machine are being used in as well and are set according to the patient’s condition.

This is mostly for those facing Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). In case a patient gets a respiratory emergency, invasive Hospital BiPAP machine is considered and may impede the need for mechanical ventilation.


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What are benefits of the BiPAP for Covid?

Unlike intubation, BiPAP covid therapy is not as invasive. A number of patients with extreme coronavirus symptoms will recuperate without the need for intubation.

In cases where intubation can be avoided, the patient is able to avoid sedation, communication hindrance, temporal hallucination and post-traumatic stress disorder which are all intubation side effects.

It can be used in a ward set aside for respiratory issues and not necessarily in the critical care unit and with a trained nurse, one can use it at home in isolation of course.

There are patients who demand not to be intubated and BiPAP covid therapy is the next best option for them.

It helps reduce dyspnea which can be quite high in covid19 patients, hypoxia and assists in breathing. It is considered a better option as compared to standard oxygen administration or the HFNC {High-flow nasal cannula} system.

BiPAP machine covid come in handy for people with breathing disorders that may include:

Obstructive sleep apnea, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), when experiencing an asthma attack, weakened breathing that may occur after surgery, Neurological illness that compromises breathing, Obesity hypoventilation syndrome and pneumonia.

In conclusion, BiPAP machines are a good choice to help covid19 patients breathe but if breathing is very poor, one needs more advanced interventions. It is also not advised for patients with reduced consciousness or swallowing stresses.

In such extreme situations, intubation and invasive ventilation involving tracheostomy, where a tube is carefully pushed down one’s throat to create a kind of windpipe for airway may be the last option.

The good thing is that when breathing improves, they can move from this kind of invasive ventilation to BiPAP therapy. Not everybody loves incisions and tubes down their throats and one can choose not to. The next best breathing assistance they will get is from a BiPAP machine covid.